Marine Parks and Protected Marine Areas
31 May 2019
The north-east of the island boasts one of the most beautiful and cleanest seas in the world, prize winning every year prestigious awards. All this thanks to the numerous areas protected by Parks and Protected Marine Areas .
MARINE PROTECTED AREA TAVOLARA AND CAPE CODA CAVALLO
The Marine Protected Area covers the coast of north-eastern Sardinia, from Capo Ceraso to Cala Finocchio, and includes the islands of Tavolara, Molara and Molarotto.
It protects fifteen thousand hectares of sea and about forty kilometers of coastal territory, considered among the most beautiful in Sardinia.
The coast, characterized by the ancient forms of the Paleozoic granites, is rich in suggestive coves, in which the Mediterranean scrub, with imposing specimens of juniper, arbutus, phillyrea, reaches the sea. But it is the insular system, which is the heart of the biodiversity of this area, that gives a particular charm to the landscape: the contrast between the limestone mass of Tavolara with its rugged and vertical shapes and the smaller islands, Molara, Molarotto, the Piana and Cavalli islands, rounded and granitic.
The underwater environments are characterized by vast expanses of Posidonia oceanica grasslands, marine phanerogams that originate the most productive ecosystems of the Mediterranean, and various forms of Mediterranean coralligenous, which develops at different depths, building scenarios of great beauty, much sought after by underwater tourism .
This articulated archipelago preserves important naturalistic values, which have been protected by the Marine Protected Area Consortium since 2004, consisting of the three coastal municipalities of Olbia, San Teodoro and Loiri Porto San Paolo.
LA MADDALENA ARCHIPELAGO NATIONAL PARK
It is the first national park in Sardinia and covers an area - between land and sea - of about 18,000 hectares and 180 kilometers of coastline. The National Park includes the entire marine area of the La Maddalena Archipelago and also includes the terrestrial area, ie all the islands and islets belonging to the territory of the Municipality of La Maddalena.
The La Maddalena Archipelago National Park also represents a significant part of the territory of the Italian State and Sardinia in establishing the Bocche di Bonifacio International Marine Park
provides significant interventions of protection and enhancement that involve the population concerned and which, at the same time, allow the usability of environmental, historical-cultural resources and keep alive the customs, civic uses and life model of the resident population in the Archipelago.
Despite the high summer tourist influx, the La Maddalena Archipelago preserves a rather intact terrestrial and marine ecosystem and the coasts of its islands, outside the mother island, have not been affected by the building development for the tourism that has characterized most of the surrounding areas.